Verbs followed by infinitive or -ing form
A. As object (directly following the verb) Some of these verbs and verb phrases have a different meaning when followed by an infinitive than when followed by an -ing form.
|attempt||make an effort at;
|I attempted to speak but I was told to keep quiet.
The patient attempted walking, but soon fell down.
|begin||start; take the first step||He began to tell us the plot in great detail.
She rolled up her sleeves and began unpacking the basket.
|can't bear||can't put up with; can't endure; can't suffer||He can't bear to be laughed at.
He can't bear being laughed at.
|can't stand||can't bear; can't put up with||I can't stand to wait.
I can't stand waiting.
|cease||stop||You never cease to amaze me.
The teacher told him to cease his whistling.
|commence||begin; start||After the election, the new government commenced to develop the roads.
They have commenced studying law.
|continue||go on doing or being something; keep on with||After graduating I continued to devote myself to research.
He continued playing the piano long after everyone had left.
|deserve||be entitled to; merit; be worthy of getting||He deserves to be treated well after all he has done.
He deserves being treated well after all he has done.
|dislike||consider unpleasant; not like||I dislike to go there.
I dislike going there.
|dread||fear greatly||I dread to think what will happen if we're late.
He dreads meeting people.
|endure||stand; tolerate; bear (especially in negative)||She can't endure to see ani¬mals cruelly treated.
She can't endure seeing ani¬mals cruelly treated.
|forget||fail to keep in mem¬ory; lose the remembrance of; neglect||He forgot (= neglected) to tell her about it.
He forgot (= lost the memory of) having told her about it.
|go on||do or say something next; proceed to; continue||He went on (- proceeded next) to explain why that point was important.
It went on (= continued) raining all day.
|hate||strongly dislike||Some people hate to get up early in the morning.
I hate having to get up early.
|intend||plan; have in mind as a purpose or plan||What do you intend to do today?
What do you intend doing about that?
|like||enjoy; be fond of; take pleasure in||I like to read in bed, but I don't like having meals in bed.|
|loathe||dislike intensely||I loathe to wash dishes.
He loathes travelling by air.
|love||like very much; take great pleasure in||She loves to have a lot of young people around her.
She loves having a lot of young people around her.
|mean||intend, have as a purpose; signify, have the consequence of||I didn't mean to be rude to you.
These new orders will mean working overtime.
|need||require; be necessary||You need to learn the value of money.
This chapter needs rewriting.
|neglect||omit or fail to do something (usually because of carelessness or forgetfulness)||Don't neglect to lock the door when you leave.
Don't neglect locking the door when you leave.
|omit||neglect or fail to do something||Please don't omit to say who wrote it.
Please don't omit saying who wrote it.
|prefer||like better; choose one thing rather than another||I prefer to work in the morning.
I prefer working in the morning.
|regret||be or feel sorry for or about||I regret to inform you that we cannot publish it.
I regret having said that.
|remember||take care not to forget; keep in mind; recall to mind||I promise you I'll remember to post your letter.
Certainly I posted your letter — I remember doing it.
|require||need||The matter requires to be thought over.
The seedlings will require looking after.
|start||begin||It started to rain.
It started raining.
|try||attempt; make an effort; do as a test||He tried to stand on his head, but he couldn't.
Try putting in some more vinegar; see if that helps.
|want||desire, wish; need, require||I want to go to Toronto this weekend. Your hair wants cutting.|
B. The following verbs are followed by an -ing form when the second verb is used as object (directly following the verb) and by an infinitive when the second verb is an object complement (following a noun or pronoun object).
|acknowledge||admit; agree to the truth of||He acknowledged having done it.
They acknowledged him to be the best player in the Asian Games.
|admit||confess; acknowledge||He admitted stealing the necklace.
You must admit the task to be difficult.
|advise||recommend; give advice to||I don't advise going by car — there's no place to park.
I advise you to take the train.
|consider||think about; regard, think to be||I'm considering going abroad.
We consider it to be of strategic importance.
|imagine||think of something as probable;
form a picture or idea in the mind
|I can't imagine marrying a girl like that.
I imagine her to be both pretty and gentle.
ExercisesGrammar exercises - Infinitive
- Grammar explanations
- Grammar exercises
- Phrasal verbs
- British vs. American
- English proverbs
- Word formation
- English abbreviations