Verbs followed by infinitive or -ing form
A. As object (directly following the verb) Some of these verbs and verb phrases have a different meaning when followed by an infinitive than when followed by an -ing form.
|make an effort at;
|I attempted to speak but I was told to keep quiet.
The patient attempted walking, but soon fell down.
|start; take the first step
|He began to tell us the plot in great detail.
She rolled up her sleeves and began unpacking the basket.
|can't put up with; can't endure; can't suffer
|He can't bear to be laughed at.
He can't bear being laughed at.
|can't bear; can't put up with
|I can't stand to wait.
I can't stand waiting.
|You never cease to amaze me.
The teacher told him to cease his whistling.
|After the election, the new government commenced to develop the roads.
They have commenced studying law.
|go on doing or being something; keep on with
|After graduating I continued to devote myself to research.
He continued playing the piano long after everyone had left.
|be entitled to; merit; be worthy of getting
|He deserves to be treated well after all he has done.
He deserves being treated well after all he has done.
|consider unpleasant; not like
|I dislike to go there.
I dislike going there.
|I dread to think what will happen if we're late.
He dreads meeting people.
|stand; tolerate; bear (especially in negative)
|She can't endure to see ani¬mals cruelly treated.
She can't endure seeing ani¬mals cruelly treated.
|fail to keep in mem¬ory; lose the remembrance of; neglect
|He forgot (= neglected) to tell her about it.
He forgot (= lost the memory of) having told her about it.
|do or say something next; proceed to; continue
|He went on (- proceeded next) to explain why that point was important.
It went on (= continued) raining all day.
|Some people hate to get up early in the morning.
I hate having to get up early.
|plan; have in mind as a purpose or plan
|What do you intend to do today?
What do you intend doing about that?
|enjoy; be fond of; take pleasure in
|I like to read in bed, but I don't like having meals in bed.
|I loathe to wash dishes.
He loathes travelling by air.
|like very much; take great pleasure in
|She loves to have a lot of young people around her.
She loves having a lot of young people around her.
|intend, have as a purpose; signify, have the consequence of
|I didn't mean to be rude to you.
These new orders will mean working overtime.
|require; be necessary
|You need to learn the value of money.
This chapter needs rewriting.
|omit or fail to do something (usually because of carelessness or forgetfulness)
|Don't neglect to lock the door when you leave.
Don't neglect locking the door when you leave.
|neglect or fail to do something
|Please don't omit to say who wrote it.
Please don't omit saying who wrote it.
|like better; choose one thing rather than another
|I prefer to work in the morning.
I prefer working in the morning.
|be or feel sorry for or about
|I regret to inform you that we cannot publish it.
I regret having said that.
|take care not to forget; keep in mind; recall to mind
|I promise you I'll remember to post your letter.
Certainly I posted your letter — I remember doing it.
|The matter requires to be thought over.
The seedlings will require looking after.
|It started to rain.
It started raining.
|attempt; make an effort; do as a test
|He tried to stand on his head, but he couldn't.
Try putting in some more vinegar; see if that helps.
|desire, wish; need, require
|I want to go to Toronto this weekend. Your hair wants cutting.
B. The following verbs are followed by an -ing form when the second verb is used as object (directly following the verb) and by an infinitive when the second verb is an object complement (following a noun or pronoun object).
|admit; agree to the truth of
|He acknowledged having done it.
They acknowledged him to be the best player in the Asian Games.
|He admitted stealing the necklace.
You must admit the task to be difficult.
|recommend; give advice to
|I don't advise going by car — there's no place to park.
I advise you to take the train.
|think about; regard, think to be
|I'm considering going abroad.
We consider it to be of strategic importance.
|think of something as probable;
form a picture or idea in the mind
|I can't imagine marrying a girl like that.
I imagine her to be both pretty and gentle.
ExercisesGrammar exercises - Gerund
- Grammar explanations
- Grammar exercises
- Phrasal verbs
- British vs. American
- English proverbs
- Word formation
- English abbreviations